The village of Rockingham is situated in the English Midlands, on the border of Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, in the picturesque Welland Valley. The parish of Rockingham contains 890 acres, and the population in 1801 was 213; in 1831, 296; and in 1841, 291. As we enter the 21st century, the number of inhabitants is around 110.
Considering the fact that the village has undergone little physical change over the past century, this amply emphasizes the drift from the countryside during this period.
Even though there has been a settlement at Rockingham in ancient, Roman and Saxon, times, the first real village probably housed labourers employed by the Crown to build and maintain the Norman Castle. This collection of huts was situated below the entrance towers.
As the Castle grew in importance, so did the village - being designated a Borough in the 12th century and a "Towne" by Royal Charter of Elizabeth I. Much of the Tudor village was destroyed during the Civil war and the village was later reconstructed out of stone on the hill below the Castle. This is essentially the village as it stands today, the earliest house being dated 1670.