China Clay Open Wagon B743029 at Buckinghamshire Railway


This open truck was similar to many in use, but was dedicated for transporting china clay. the white clay was mainly used for making china, paper and toothpaste. It was quarried in Cornwall and transported to the Cornish ports of Par and Fowey for export, or northfor use in the Stoke-on-Trent ptteries. the wagons were joined together in 'block trains'.

A tarpaulin was draped over the metal bar above the wagon to stop the clay powder from getting wet, and from
blowing around. The wagons became known as 'tipplers' when an end door was introduced for tipping out loose loads. Previously, the clay was loaded by hand into barrels, which were carried on their sides in the wagons. This one was built in Swindon in 1964 and was one of the last short wheel-based wagons still in use in the 1980's. the wagon is fitted with vaccuum brakes to enable it to run at faster speeds. Like many freight services, it had to share tracks with express trains.